Types of Vitamins and Discovery

Vitamins are organic compounds required by living organisms in smaller amounts as a vital nutritive in order to perform the processes of life. Vitamins supplied from food, as the living things either doesn’t develop of them or none at all. An organic compound that contains carbon molecule when a living thing cannot develop sufficient amounts of an organic chemical compound and it has to derive from food is known as a “Vitamin”; are classified by their biological and chemical activity. Therefore, each “vitamin” relates to a number of “vitamer compounds “that all demonstrate the biological activity link up with a particular vitamin. Such a set of chemicals sorted under an alphabetised vitamin “generic signifier” title, such as “vitamin A”. By definition, vitamer compounds are transformable to the active form of the vitamin in the body, and are sometimes inter- transformable to one another, as well.

Vitamins carry out lot of activities within the body, ranging from hormone triggers to antioxidants to co-enzymes that help with metabolic process. Each set of different vitamin substances does a different activity when incorporated into the body.

Vitamin Function:

Figuring out, which vitamins are significant for which body functions has been continuous process; while frequently it was not known that a particular vitamin was responsible for strengthening the body, curing an illness, or, a diet rich in vitamins were frequently recommended as remedies.

Types:

There are many different types of vitamins are available today; the most were discovered or at least identified in the early 1900’s.

Year Of Discovery Vitamin Food Source
1910 Vitamin B1 (Thiamine) Rice Bran
1913 Vitamin A (Retinol) Cod liver oil
1920 Vitamin C (Ascorbic acid) Citrus, most fresh Foods
1920 Vitamin D (Calciferol) Cod liver oil
1920 Vitamin B2 (Riboflavin) Meat, Eggs
1922 (Vitamin E) (Tocopherol) Wheat germ oil, unrefined Vegetable oils
1926 Vitamin B12 (Cobalamins) Liver, Eggs, Animal products
1929 Vitamin K1 (Phylloquinone) Leafy Green Vegetables
1931 Vitamin B5 (Pantothenic acid) Meat, whole grains,in many other foods
1934 Vitamin B6 (Pyridoxine) Meat, Dairy Products
1936 Vitamin B3 (Niacin) Meat, Eggs, Grains
1941 Vitamin B9 (Folic acid) Leafy Green Vegetables

Deficiency:

The vitamins deficiency can possess a profound effect on the living organism. For an Instance: With the lack of vitamin C can cause teeth to fall out, other outrageous conditions of the skin, bone, and finally leading to death. With the lack of vitamin B in the diets lead to the deadly illness known as beriberi and also with the lack of Vitamin B12, can lead to pernicious anemia.

Today, there are many determined guidelines for the amounts of particular vitamins that human required every day. The recommended daily allowances are selected so that the body will carry out all actions at its desirable capability therefore that sicknesses caused by the vitamins deficiency can be deflected. The most medical practitioners think that if we take completely a balanced diet, (full of vegetables, fruits, meat, grain, will give all of the vitamins which are required for a day). If diet is less than a balanced diet, a multivitamin supplement might be useful.

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