Organ Transplant Information and Facts

Organ Transplant Information and Facts:

We have heard much about people donating their eyes after death, but how about donating an organ while being alive? Isn’t that sound a little awkward…

Yes! Donating a kidney from the pair, this might be acceptable if the donor is close relative or blood relation, but what if the same is for total stranger, now one might think, the donor might have done it for some financial gain?

But here is someone who has donated one his kidney to a total stranger, a major boost for the organ donation drive in the country, the chairman and managing director of V-Guard Industries Limited, Kochouseph Chittilappilly, has donated his kidney to a truck driver in Kerala, who was counting his days after all his hopes for survival had drowned as his wife’s kidney was a mismatch.

This great donor, who heads a 500-crore V-Guard group, is reported to have been inspired by Father Davis Chirammel, who donated his kidney to a carpenter back in 2009 before setting up the Kidney Federation of India which is based in Thrissur district of Kerala.

The federation has set up a Kidney Bank and has called on a number of well-known personalities to kick-start the donation campaign by donating their kidney.

Over 1,000 patients have already registered with Kidney federation of India are seeking non-related donors for kidneys though the receivers will also have to find a new donor to donate their kidney to the organization.

This is a great initiative, as there are many who succumb to their fate after both their kidneys fail and dialysis just prolongs their certain death by few days or even months, but ultimately they die, as they either cannot afford to find a suitable donor.

There are millions of needy patients all over the World who suffer from various end stage organ failures and whose lives can be saved only by the timely replacement of the failed organ.

The rate of kidney failure deaths have risen at an alarming rate, though there are organ banks in the country but the requirement surpasses the availability by several times.

Kidney transplant is the only effective end solution for chronic renal failures, availability of matching kidneys is more important than the expense factor; Healthy humans have two kidneys, a redundancy that enables living donors to give a kidney to someone who needs it. The most common transplants are to close relatives, but people have given kidneys to other friends. The rarest type of donation is the undirected donation whereby a donor gives a kidney to a stranger, as in case of Father Chirammel of KFI and Mr Kochouseph Chittilappilly of V-Guard group.

Organ Donation in India:

Though the government of India passed resolution on the Transplantation of Human Organs Act in 1994, which legalizes the concept of transplantation of brain death humans and, facilitating organ procurement from heart beating, brain dead donors. However, this concept has not caught on well in India, due to lack of public education and awareness. This liberalization in some way has lead way to the commercial sale of human organs due to the widening gap between the demand and supply. Thousands of lives are lost in India annually from heart and liver failure since transplantation of unpaired organs like heart, liver and pancreas is either difficult or impossible from living donors. This is only possible on a large scale if these organs are available from cadaver donors.

In the United States, in 2004, there were over 14,000 organ donors – an increase of 695 donors (7%) over 2003. During this time the number of cadaver donors grew by 11% to 7,152, the largest annual increase in deceased donors in the last 10 years. In 2005, the number of kidneys transplanted from cadavers was 9,914, while the number of patients who received transplants from living donors was 6,563.

Organ Donation from Brain Dead Patients:

Organ donation from brain dead patients is one of the miraculous discoveries of medical science has brought in a ray of hope to the lives of those needy patients by transplanting these functioning organs from the bodies of brain dead patients to these patients, known as cadaver organ transplantation.

Whenever there is an injury to the brain stem or an intracranial haemorrhage the patient goes into coma. The brain is the most important organ of the body and an irreversible damage to the same leads to the death of the living being but other internal organs remain functional for some time aided by artificial respiration and various drugs. During this time even though the patient is dead, these organs, which are kept viable artificially, can be transplanted to various needy patients and a gift of life can be given to them.

One Brain Dead Patient can Donate:

  • Pair of Kidneys
  • Heart
  • Liver
  • Pancreas
  • Lungs
  • Skin & Corneas to various needy patients who require respective organ transplant

Hope more good Samaritans from all walks of life will come forward to donate their organs, while being alive or after death, after all one has to die some day, why not give hope to those young lives that are at risk, counting their days at young ages.

For more updates visit or follow us at Facebook, Google+ and Linkedin