You are at home, office, or traveling and all of a sudden your loved one, your colleague, or your friend collapses without warning and is lifeless on the ground.
What do you do…? You panic and become clueless; a sudden cold wave moves across your body and you don’t know what to do? You are in a “catch-22” situation, on whether to stay with them or to run for help. You yell and beg for help and finally somehow you drag him/her to a car or an auto and rush him/her to a nearby hospital, which is around 20 mins away, and by the time an Emergency Physician attends, valuable time is lost. And “A brain death happens in less than eight minutes, once it stops getting proper oxygenated blood.” In this case, the heart stops pumping blood or a respiratory arrest happens because of an obstruction or choking. If all this happens in the proximity of a hospital and if you are lucky to get out of the heavy traffic that has no rules or facilities for emergency vehicles, it’s well and good.
But if you reach a hospital that doesn’t have a proper Emergency or Causality department, without trained physicians or support staff, and you are asked to stand out and you don’t know what’s happening inside. By the time a doctors attend the victim, it would be almost one hour since he/she collapsed, unfortunately missing the Golden hour. By now you would try to reach someone over phone and convey the incident. After minutes of silence, in a soft, humble voice, some one from inside the causality would approach you and say, “We are sorry…its too late, If you could have managed to get him/her a little earlier, we could have done something to save his/her life. He has suffered a cardiac arrest and a timely CPR would have made the difference.
You feel like you are being shot by a sniper at close range. And you go blank for some time Eventually, you try hard to come back to your normal routine and start researching about what went wrong on that unfortunate day, to the one who was so close to you.
You feel guilty for, if you had learned CPR, you could have saved a life. Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation (CPR) is a simple procedure to support and maintain breathing and circulation for a person who has stopped breathing (respiratory arrest) and/or whose heart has stopped working (cardiac arrest).
What is CPR?
Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation (CPR) is a combination of rescue breathing and chest compressions delivered to victims who suffer a cardiac arrest. When a cardiac arrest occurs, the heart stops pumping blood. CPR can support a small amount of blood flow to the heart and brain to “buy time” until normal heart function is restored.
Cardiac arrest is often caused by an abnormal heart rhythm called ventricular fibrillation (VF). When VF develops the heart quivers and does not pump blood. The victim in VF cardiac arrest needs CPR and delivery of a shock to the heart, called defibrillation. Defibrillation eliminates the abnormal VF heart rhythm and allows the normal rhythm to resume. Defibrillation is not effective for all forms of cardiac arrest but it is effective to treat VF, the most common cause of sudden cardiac arrest.